Why Was Japan Prepared To Sign The Agreements Reached At The Washington Naval Conference

Japanese officials focused more on the peculiarities than the British, and approached the conference with two main objectives: to sign a maritime treaty with Great Britain and the United States and to obtain official recognition of Japan`s special interests in Manchuria and Mongolia. Japanese officials also addressed other topics: a strong demand to retain control of Yap, Siberia and Tsingtao, as well as broader concerns about the growing presence of U.S. fleets in the Pacific. The sea contract was concluded on February 6, 1922. The ratification of the treaty was exchanged on August 17, 1923 in Washington and registered on April 16, 1924 in the League of Treaties. [13] Britain emerged from the Washington Naval Conference, which was disrupted by Japan`s request for naval bases in the Pacific. This had warned the British that Japan was a potential enemy. Britain`s agreement with Japan would have forced it to go to war with Japan if war between Japan and the United States broke out. Britain has decided not to renew its military contract with Japan. This would reduce any restrictive influence on Japan that Britain has had. Britain has maintained its long-standing plan to build a first-rate naval base in Singapore. And in Japan, those who cheered on their nation`s power in the most aggressive way saw Britain, the Netherlands and the United States as enemies who were increasing their potential.

At the conference, the United States stressed that China`s sovereignty, independence, territorial and administrative integrity are preserved and that China is able to develop its own effective government. The United States has called for equal opportunities in China. The Chinese delegation agreed that China would not be unfairly discriminated against in trade and economic matters and called for an end to foreign extraterritorial rights in China. It asked that China be able to enact its own import and export laws. China called for the abolition of foreign post offices and stressed that foreign control of postal services in China had deprived China of revenue. The conference agreed that foreign post offices in China should be abolished by January 1, 1923. The conference urged the Japanese delegation to accept the return of control of the former German territory in Shandong province. But the conference rejected customs autonomy for China. Article XIX of the Treaty also prohibits Britain, Japan and the United States from building new fortifications or naval bases in the Pacific Ocean. Existing fortifications in Singapore, the Philippines and Hawaii could be preserved. This was an important victory for Japan, as the newly fortified British or American bases would be a serious problem for the Japanese in the event of a future war. This provision of the treaty essentially guaranteed that Japan would be the dominant power in the Western Pacific and was instrumental in Japan`s acceptance of the limits of shipbuilding.

[17] His opinion was made by Katé Kanji, the president of the Naval Staff College, who was its head of the navy in the delegation and who represented the influential “Great Navy”, which was that in the event of war, the United States would be able to build more warships indefinitely because of its enormous industrial power, and Japan had to prepare as carefully as possible for the inevitable conflict with America. [Citation required] Elihu Root, Henry Cabot Lodge and Oscar Underwood, the last to lead the Democratic minority in the Senate, were part of the U.S. delegation led by Secretary of State Charles Evans Hughes. The main objective of the conference was to curb Japanese naval expansion in western Pacific waters, particularly with regard to fortifications on islands of great strategic value.

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