What Was An Agreement Made By The Allies At The Potsdam Conference Apex

The Germans of Czechoslovakia (34% of the population of the territory of the present-day Czech Republic), known as Sudeten Germans, but also Carpathian Germans, were driven out of the Sudetenland, where they were the majority, from the linguistic enclaves in Central Bohemia and Moravia, as well as from the city of Prague. The Potsdam Agreement was the August 1945 agreement between three World War II allies, the United Kingdom, the United States and the Soviet Union. It was about the military occupation and reconstruction of Germany, its borders and the entire territory of the European theatre of war. He also looked at the demilitarization of Germany, reparations and the prosecution of war criminals. What did the Allies agree to the Potsdam conference? The three governments took note of discussions in recent weeks in London between representatives of the United Kingdom, the United States, the Soviet Union and France to reach agreement on the methods of trial of major war criminals whose crimes do not present a particular geographical location after the Moscow Declaration of October 1943. The three governments reaffirm their intention to bring justice quickly and safely to these criminals. They hope that the London negotiations will lead to a quick agreement to that end, and they believe it is very important that the trial of these great criminals begins as soon as possible. The first list of accused will be published before September 1. The Potsdam Conference is perhaps best known for President Truman`s meeting with Stalin on July 24, 1945, during which the President announced to the Soviet leader that the United States had successfully detonated the first atomic bomb on July 16, 1945. Historians have often interpreted Truman`s somewhat firm attitude during the negotiations to mean that the U.S.

negotiating team believed that the U.S. nuclear capabilities would strengthen its bargaining power. Stalin, however, was already well informed about the American nuclear program thanks to the Soviet secret services; he stood his ground in his positions. This situation has made negotiations difficult. The leaders of the United States, Britain and the Soviet Union, who had remained allies during the war despite their differences, never met collectively again to discuss cooperation in post-war reconstruction. The agreement, which was a communiqué, was not a peace treaty between the peoples, although it created the fait accompli. It was replaced by the Treaty on the Definitive Regime, signed on 12 September 1990, in accordance with Germany. In addition to the settlement of Germany and Poland, the Potsdam negotiators agreed to the creation of a Council of Foreign Ministers to develop peace agreements with Germany`s former allies on behalf of the United States, the United Kingdom, the Soviet Union and China.

Conference participants also agreed to revise the 1936 Montreux Convention, which gave Turkey exclusive control of the Strait of Turkey. In addition, the United States, Britain and China issued the “Potsdam Declaration,” which threatened Japan with “immediate and total destruction” if it did not surrender immediately (the Soviet Union did not sign the declaration because it had yet to declared war on Japan).

Category: Uncategorized
Tags: